Voice Over Vocal Booth Construction

defending your mic against an onslaught of noises

When it comes to sound control in your recording space it is unfortunately possible to spend a lot of money and time to try to reduce extraneous noises and still not acheive the desired results.  This is especially true when you're trying to prevent noises created in your workspace from bleeding into your microphone.  Many an audio expert has approached this problem and ended up scratching their head (or tearing their hair out!)  when, after a complete sound makeover, the results are less than optimum.  As mentioned in my sound control for voice over  article the scary sound goblins for a home voice over recording studio are computer noise and room echo.  And many a VO talent has tried to exorcise these two sources of background noise. 

treat the room... or treat the microphone?

A while back several enterprising souls turned the problem around backwards.  "Maybe we don't have to treat the whole room" they thought, "maybe we just have to treat the area around the mic.  And thus various forms of vocal booths were concieved.

talent in a box: the true vocal booth

boothThe first attempt at this was an actual vocal booth.  By golly these work well.  They isolate you and your mic from any sounds in the room.  Just a few problems though:

You need a space for it.  It can get hot unless you have some air circulating.  You can't control your computer (unless it's in the booth which defeats the purpose). These are REALLY expensive.  And they are not portable.  So, while these work well for pro studio applications they don't work for home studios where you're the talent and you're also the engineer.

smaller is better:  sound isolation around the mic

Mic Thingporta boothThe next step was even more minimal.  Why not just "deaden" the area around the mic?  There are a couple of popular variations on this theme.  One is the Mic Thing.  It is a panel with acoustic foam that surrounds the back of the mic to block room ambiance and bleed from other sound sources.  I haven't actually used this but I suspect it doesn't provide enough isolation to block the noise from the laptop on your desk or your plaster walls and ceiling.  I probably works well in studio environments.  It is portable though.  But rather pricey.


And then there's the Harlan Hogan Porta-Booth.  Harlan Hogan is a voice over pro who designed this box for his own use on the road if he had to record in, say, a hotel room and wanted good mic isolation.  It works pretty well and provides good isolation.  I've tried it and I've found it too small to place a mic in with a regular desk stand and the sound seemed a touch muffled.  It's also a bit tricky to position so it's at mouth level.  But it collapses and is a very portable vocal booth.


my design for isolating the mic:  acoustic baffles

Voice over vocal booth with acoustic foam baffles from Aliso Creek Voice Over Classes So here's my variation on this theme.  They are acoustic foam baffles that can be hooked together with velcro strips.  These are simple to make and can be used to isolate the mic but still provide enough space to comfortably work with the mic at mouth level when you're seated at a desk or table.  They also stack together for storage or transportation so they are reasonablly portable. 

They work in two ways.  The acoustic foam absorbs much of the energy from your voice so it doesn't bounce around the room.  And then the panels block any returning sound from room echo or your computer from reaching the mic.  I've found that they work fine in any typical room with plaster walls and reasonable amounts of furniture, carpet, drapes, etc.




so here's what you need to build your own vocal booth:

Here's are vocal booth plans for making them.  You can vary it to fit your needs:


  • 4- FOAM CORE PANELS.  These are panels that have a styrofoam layer in the middle with paper layers on the outside.  There are 1/4 inch thick or 3/8s inch thick.  Get the 3/8s.  (available at art and craft stores where the poster board is--think "science fair project")
  • 4- 2 by 4 foot by 2" sheets of ACOUSTIC FOAM (I like Auralex 2" studiofoam wedge) You can possibly buy this by the sheet from most big music stores.  If you can't get it by the individual sheets then get Auralex Studio Wedgies These come in a sample kit of 24, 1 by 1 foot by 2" panels for around $100.  DON'T USE AN OLD MATRESS PAD!  It doesn't have the same density and it won't work.  Use acoustic foam!
  • Self adhesive VELCRO strips (about 18 inches)
  • 3M SUPER 77™ Adhesive.  This is a VERY sticky spray adhesive for attaching the acoustic foam to the panels.

and how to assemble them:

velcro strips

First, cut the velcro into three inch strips.

velcro position back        velcro stuck 


Then the velcro "hook" strips are attached in SIX places to the BACK panel.
Near the top, at the middle, and near the bottom (how's that for precision!)
You can see the marks on the back panel photo.

velcro sides


The velcro "loops" strips are attached to the SIDE panels.
Perpendicular to the edge of the panel.
Three on one panel and three on the other. 
Near the top, middle and bottom (so that they line up with the back panel)

no foam yet


The framework is done!  Here are the foam core panels being held together with the velcro strips.

Foam Gluing


Now glue the acoustic foam to each of the side panels with the 3M Super 77 adhesive. 
The acoustic foam should be cut so it's the size of the panel.
Spray the PANEL with adhesive and then position the acoustic foam.
Put down newspapers and watch out for overspray. 
Be VERY CAREFUL to align the acoustic foam correctly because it is very difficult to reposition once it's attached.
Don't spray the hairs on your arm or you'll hate me for weeks.



Here are the two side panels glued and ready to go.

panel back


The acoustic foam for the BACK panel needs to be narrower than the actual panel.
The lines are drawn 2 1/2 inches in from the sides.
So the acoustic foam will be 5 inches narrower.
You can also see the positioning of the velcro strips in this photo.

back with foam


Here's the back panel with the acoustic foam cut to size but not yet glued.
Make sure you glue the acoustic foam on the side with the velcro strips (duh).

All three panels

And here are all three panels with the acoustic foam attached

Panels in action

Here they are velcroed together in action!  In a world...

Panels stacked 2    panels stacked three

And they stack for easy storage or portability. 
I made mine the size of a suitcase so I could take them on trips.

booth lid


I later made a top for the booth in a similar way because I noticed echo coming from hard ceilings.

Booth with lid

So here's the same booth with the lid.  Nice and cozy!


give this idea a try!

This diy vocal booth costs about $130 and takes a few hours to construct.  And it does a great job in eliminating various sounds that try to sneak into your recording.  So if you're hearing those undesired background sounds, roll up your sleeves and slap one of these together.  You'll be pleased with the results.


for more sound control ideas...


... read my blog articles on how to position your home recording workspace and using moving blankets to deaden your recording space.  These will help you get that quiet recording that clients want to hear. 

And remember...

Keep Talking!

by William Williams


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